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Enhancing Soil Moisture Data and their Applications for Agricultural and Numerical Weather Forecasts

Research Topic: Data Fusion and Algorithm Development
Task Leader: Christopher Hain
CICS Scientist: Christopher Hain
Sponsor: NESDIS STAR
Published Date: 7/25/2014
SMDA_1

FY13 REPORT

BACKGROUND

The primary goal of the project is to extend and enhance soil moisture data product for applications in the crop forecast and for assimilation into numerical model. In the previous years, soil moisture data products from AMSR-E on NASA’s Aqua satellite, WindSat of Naval Research Lab, and SMOS satellite of European Space Agency. AMSR-E has stopped normal operation since Oct 2011. SMOS was used as a contingency data source. With the launch of JAXA’s GCOM-W1 satellite, the on-board microwave sensor AMSR2 is very similar to AMSR-E. So the specific task for this FY13 project is to generate a good quality global soil moisture data product for the crop forecast applications.

ACCOMPLISHMENTS

Global soil moisture data product from NOAA-NESDIS SMOPS based on ESA SMOS satellite has been continuously integrated to the satellite data stream used by USDA-FAS Crop Explore (See Fig. 1 for SMOS daily soil moisture map from SMOPS and Fig 2 for USDA FAS satellite data feed list).

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Figure 1. Global soil moisture map processed by NOAA-NESDIS SMOPS based on ESA SMOS satellite.

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Fig. 2. Satellite data feeds for the Crop Explorer that is the database for the world crop analysts of USDA-FAS.

PLANNED WORK

  • Continue to provide the global soil moisture data products to USDA with no-cost extension of the NASA funded project

PUBLICATIONS

Bolten, J. D. Crow, W. T. Zhan, X. Jackson, T. J. Reynolds, C. A. 2009. Evaluating the Utility of Remotely Sensed Soil Moisture Retrievals for Operational Agricultural Drought Monitoring. Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, IEEE. Vol. 3, Issue 1. pp. 57-66. DOI: 10.1109/JSTARS.2009.2037163

DELIVERABLES

Daily delivery of global soil moisture data products to USDA.

PRESENTATIONS

None for the past year.

 

PERFORMANCE METRICS

   

# of new or improved products developed following NOAA guidance

1

# of products or techniques transitioned from research to ops following NOAA guidance

1

# of new or improved products developed without NOAA guidance

0

# of products or techniques transitioned from research to ops without NOAA guidance

0

# of peer reviewed papers

0

# of non-peered reviewed papers

0

# of invited presentations

0

# of graduate students supported by a CICS task

0

# of graduate students formally advised

0

# of undergraduate students mentored during the year

0

 

PERFORMANCE METRICS EXPLANATION

CICS scientists (Hain/Fang/Han) ensure the global soil moisture product delivery to USDA daily while they leverage other soil moisture data generation and application projects.

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